Bartec USA

GM TPMS

TPMS or Tire Pressure Monitoring System is fitted to GM cars to provide a warning of low pressure on any one of four or five tires on the vehicle (five if TPMS fitted in spare).

A TPMS from one of two manufacturers is fitted as part of the valve assembly in all GM cars according to the table shown below. The sensor measures the pressure and temperature in the tire and transmits this data along with the unique ID of the TPMS to the tire pressure monitor ECU/receiver. If the TPMS ID is logged with the BCM then it is compared with the placard pressure and if under pressure then a warning light is lit on the dash mounted display.

GM TPMS types and Fitment

A TPMS from one of three manufacturers is fitted as part of the valve assembly in all GM cars according to the table shown below. The sensor measures the pressure and temperature in the tire and transmits this data along with the unique ID of the TPMS to the tire pressure monitor WCM (Wireless Control Module) and EVIC. If the TPMS ID is logged with the WCM then it is compared with the placard pressure and if under pressure then a warning light is lit on the EVIC or dash.

The manufacturers of the GM TPMS are Schrader Electronics, VDO and TRW. The GM Model range utilising TPMS Technology includes the following brands:

  • Chevrolet Aveo, Cobalt, Corvette, HHR, Impala, Malibu, Avalanche - TPMS Sensors
  • Colorado, Silverado, Equinox, Suburban, Tahoe, Trailblazer, Express, Uplander - TPMS Sensors
  • Buick Enclave, Lacrosse, Lucerne - TPMS Sensors
  • Pontiac G5, G6 Sedan, Grand Prix, Solstice, G6 Coupe, G8, Torrent - TPMS Sensors
  • GMC Sierra, Canyon, Acadia, Yukon, Envoy, Savana - TPMS Sensors
  • Saturn Astra, Aura, Lambda Crossover, Outlook, Sky, Vue - TPMS Sensors
  • Hummer H2, H3 - TPMS Sensors
  • Saab 9-3, 9-5, 9-7X - TPMS Sensors
  • Cadillac CTS, DeVille, DTS, Escalade, Seville, SRX, STS, XLR - TPMS Sensors
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The tables below show which models they are fitted to.
Grey indicates either no TPMS, it was indirect TPMS, or the model was discontinued.

GM
Chevrolet
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
Avalanche Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Aveo Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Blazer GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA
Bolt GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader
Camaro Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Camaro ZL1 Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Caprice Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Captiva Schrader Schrader Schrader
Captiva Sport Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
City Express Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Cobalt Schrader Schrader Schrader
Colorado GM TFA
/SAL
GM TFA
/SAL
Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Corvette GM SAL GM SAL GM SAL GM WAL GM WAL GM WAL GM WAL GM WAL GM WAL Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Corvette C5 Schrader Schrader Schrader
Corvette C6 Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Corvette Z06 Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Cruze GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Equinox GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Express Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
HHR Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Impala Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Impala Limited
(Fleet)
Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Malibu GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Malibu Limited
(Fleet)
Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Monte Carlo Schrader Schrader
Orlando Schrader Schrader Schrader
Silverado 1500 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Silverado 1500 LD Schrader
Silverado 2500 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Silverado 3500 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Silverado 3500
DRW
GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA
Silverado Trailer Schrader Schrader Schrader
Sonic Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Spark Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Spark EV Schrader Schrader Schrader
SS Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
SSR Schrader Schrader
Suburban GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Tahoe GM SAL GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Trailblazer GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Traverse GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Trax GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Uplander Schrader Schrader
Van Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Volt GM TFA
/SAL
GM TFA
/SAL
Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Buick
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
Allure Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Cascada Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Cascada GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Encore Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Encore GX GM TFA GM TFA
Envision GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader
LaCrosse Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
LeSabre Schrader
Lucerne Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Rainier Schrader Schrader
Regal Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Verano Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Pontiac
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
G3 Schrader Schrader
G5 Schrader Schrader Schrader
G6 Schrader Schrader Schrader
G8 Schrader Schrader
Grand Prix Schrader Schrader
Montana Schrader
Solstice Schrader Schrader Schrader
Torrent Schrader Schrader Schrader
Vibe Pacific Pacific Pacific
Wave Schrader Schrader Schrader
GMC
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
Acadia GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Canyon GM TFA
SAL
GM TFA
SAL
Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Envoy Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Hummer EV GM SAL GM SAL
Savana Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Sierra 1500 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Sierra 2500 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Sierra 3500 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Sierra 3500 DRW GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA
Sierra Limited GM TFA
Sierra Trailer GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA
Terrain GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Yukon All GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Saturn
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
Astra Schrader Schrader Schrader
Aura Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Lambda Crossover Schrader Schrader
Outlook Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Sky Schrader Schrader
Vue Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Hummer
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
H2 Schrader Schrader
H3 Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
H3T Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Saab
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
9 3 Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
9 4 Schrader
9 5 Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
9 7X Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Cadillac
Model Year
2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
ATS GM SAL GM SAL Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
ATS Sport Schrader Schrader Schrader
ATS V Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
CT4 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA
CT5 Schrader Schrader Schrader
CT6 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader
CTS Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
CTS-V Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
DeVille
DTS Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Escalade GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
Seville Schrader Schrader Schrader
SRX Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
STS Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
XLR Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
XT4 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA
XT5 Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader
XT6 GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA GM TFA
XTS Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader Schrader

TPMS GM Fault Diagnosis

TPMS replacement is called for when the TPMS fails due to mechanical or electrical failure, broken accelerometer, low TPMS battery power or blocked pressure port. One of the most common causes of failure is inappropriate handling during wheel or tire removal or servicing. The TPMS is an electronic component fitted as part of a heavyweight mechanical process.

Before attempting to replace a GM TPMS we advise the use of one our Bartec TPMS tools to establish the need for replacement and the nature of the fault. This may support a warranty claim but will also ensure that the dealer or tire shop is covered for liability claims. The legal position is that as soon as the dealer breaks down the wheel then he becomes liable and cannot allow the car to be driven away from his shop with the TPMS warning light still on. Many dealers have found that customers will not accept the costs for repair and may attribute any breakage to the dealer if there is no audit trail.

Bartec tools offer the capability to carry out a TPMS audit of the car and then show the customer the audit results from the screen or download them to a PC and print the audit results to show to the customer so that a cost can be agreed and the go ahead given before work commences. It is important to have a tool which can distinguish the correct TPMS in order to avoid picking up the transmission of other TPMS sensors, key fobs etc. It is important to limit your liability for any problems which occur.

The TPMS tool should be able to decode the transmission from the sensor and display the data. This will enable the technician to establish if the sensor has failed or is not fitted, whether the pressure port on the sensor is blocked, where the part is running at too high a temperature and other diagnostic information which might be included in the specific sensor (e.g. if there is a low battery condition on the TPMS). The direct TPMS will be attached to the back of the tire valve.

TPMS GM Service Guide

The Bartec 'Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems Guide' contains comprehensive information on the mechanical and electrical procedure for TPMS replacement for all makes/models/year types going back to the year of their introduction including:

  • TPMS Service Requirements
  • Special tools reference guide

Model articles referencing all makes/models/years and including:

  • Description and operation of vehicle TPMS system
  • Warning indicator reset procedure
  • System Retrain/Relearn procedure
  • Dismounting/mounting cautions & Notes
  • Tire Pressure Sensor Replacement procedure
  • Wheel Nut torques
  • Tire Pressure Sensor Nut torques

Please browse our website for more information about Bartec USA LLC and our range of GM TPMS Tools and our professional support for GM Tire Pressure Monitor Sensors, then call toll free (866) 407-TPMS and speak to one of our team or e-mail us on sales@bartecusa.com.

Chrysler TPMS Tool Training

Bartec are world leaders in the implementation of TPMS systems for the wheel and tire assembly plant and the car plant with over 70 installations worldwide.

As a result of this activity the company also leads the aftermarket with the most comprehensive range of TPMS dealer tools for the dealer, the tire shop and even the end user.

The market desperately needs information and training on TPMS, diagnosing faults and repairing/replacing, TPMS tools and support. Bartec has sought to answer some of the many questions by putting together a series of training videos which can be viewed by visiting www.bartecusa.com

GM TPMS Replacement

If a sensor proves faulty or is damaged then it will need to be replaced. This requires a new sensor to be fitted and the BCM to be reprogrammed with its unique ID and its position on the vehicle. The procedures for all vehicles including GM vehicles are illustrated in the Bartec 'Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems Guide' which shows service requirements, reset procedures, dismounting/mounting instructions, torque specifications etc for all makes/models and years. The relearning process will also be required in the event of wheel rotation. In principle the static relearn process requires the car to be put into learn mode followed by activating each TPMS in turn (LF, RF, RR, LR) enabling each of the TPMS unique ID numbers to be loaded into the BCM. Each time a code has been successfully loaded the horn acknowledges. The system will cancel the warning light if two minutes pass and no further ID's are learned or if the system has been in learn mode for more than five minutes.

The technician should always: refer to manufacturer's specifications for proper torque requirements when replacing nuts and valve cores; use new grommets, nuts, plastic or nickel-plated valve caps and electro-less, nickel-plated valve cores when performing any tire service; never use a brass valve core or un-plated brass cap with an aluminium TPMS sensor stem. Contact between dissimilar metals can cause galvanic corrosion, which can lead to loss of air pressure.

Note: The technician should avoid the use of any liquid or tire sealant injected into tires equipped with TPMS as this may block the pressure port and cause malfunction. If evidence of the use of tire sealant is noted upon dismounting the tire, it is highly recommended that the TPMS are replaced. It is also very important to remove all residual sealant from the inside of the tire and rim surfaces prior to re-installing the tire.

Following reprogramming of the BCM a further audit of the car is recommended to produce evidence of the work carried out.

GM TPMS Tool Training

Bartec are world leaders in the implementation of TPMS systems for the wheel and tire assembly plant and the car plant with over 70 installations worldwide.

As a result of this activity the company also leads the aftermarket with the most comprehensive range of TPMS dealer tools for the dealer, the tire shop and even the end user.

The market desperately needs information and training on TPMS, diagnosing faults and repairing/replacing, TPMS tools and support. Bartec has sought to answer some of the many questions by putting together a series of training videos which can be viewed by visiting www.bartecusa.com

Contact Your TPMS Tool Dealer

Customers have told us our help desk guys are the best because of their wealth of information and experience; that they care about helping; and that they try that bit harder to sort out problems.

When you buy a Tech600Pro TPMS tool you gain access to the Bartec TPMS technical support for advice on replacement of TPMS and the use of TPMS tools on all vehicles not just GM.

The team has a wealth of experience with TPMS. These guys have worked in the car plants and also in the aftermarket solving the problems you are addressing.

Frequently Asked GM TPMS Questions

A programmable sensor such as the Ritesensor is the best option for the GMC range as the Sierra has been fitted with a variety of OE sensors from Schrader between 2004 and 2006, Schrader or TRW in 2007, and Schrader from 2008 to 2020. The sensors used are also different in Dually models based on the wheel position, as such, it is very easy to fit the wrong replacement sensor as they all have different specifications. A tool such as a TECH600Pro will identify the correct specification of part and program a sensor, such as Ritesensor, to replace ensuring correct functionality.
A programmable sensor such as the Ritesensor is the best option for the GMC range as the Chevrolet Silverado has been fitted with a variety of OE sensors from Schrader between 2004 and 2006, Schrader or TRW in 2007, and Schrader from 2008 to 2020. The sensors used are also different in Dually models based on the wheel position, as such, it is very easy to fit the wrong replacement sensor as they all have different specifications. A tool such as a TECH600Pro will identify the correct specification of part and program a sensor, such as Ritesensor, to replace ensuring correct functionality.
A programmable sensor such as the Ritesensor is the best option for the GMC range as the Yukon has been fitted with a variety of OE sensors from Schrader between 2004 and 2022. It is very easy to fit the wrong replacement sensor as they all have different specifications. A tool such as a TECH600Pro will identify the correct specification of part for your MMY and program a sensor such as Ritesensor to replace ensuring correct functionality.
Placard pressure values can be easily altered on select vehicles by using a tool such as a TECH600Pro. In order to do so, the tool must interface to the vehicle OBDII/CANbus to communicate with the vehicle Engine Control Unit (ECU). The tool is capable of displaying what the current placard pressure is set at, at well as change this value.
To carry out a TPMS repair on the GMC range of vehicles you need one which can diagnose a fault by activating each sensor in turn at LF and identifying which sensor is causing the warning light to come on. You then need the same tool to program a programmable TPMS sensor such as the Ritesensor with the correct specification of sensor and relearn the vehicle ECU and turn out the warning light. The TECH600Pro has all of these attributes and is fast and easy to learn.

It is important to have access to a TECH600Pro tool which is able to diagnose GMC TPMS issues and also interface to the vehicle OBDII/CANbus to communicate with the vehicle Engine Control Unit (ECU) and download the TPMS IDs and their wheel locations. As an example, the TECH600Pro relearn process is as follows for the GMC Sierra:

OBD Connect
Inflate tires to Placard
Read all sensor IDs using tool
Connect tool to OBDII port

Tool will prompt you to ensure the key is on/engine off. Following the prompts, continue through the process until tool indicates relearn successful. If light does not go off, verify sensor modes are correct.

The tool displays the OE part number for the TPMS sensor to ensure the correct specification of replacement part is programmed.